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Cloud Security is the process of ensuring data in the cloud remains secure. It includes protecting the data in storage as well as in transit.

It also ensures the right people have access to cloud data, preventing unauthorized insider threats. This includes implementing granular identity and access management (IAM) policies such as password management, multi-factor authentication (2FA), and user access monitoring. It also includes cloud edge security protections such as firewalls, IPSes and antimalware. It also encrypts data at rest and in transit, so even if intercepted by an attacker, it is unreadable.

Lastly, it helps companies monitor their cloud application configurations for compliance with industry standards and regulations like the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and SOC2. Finally, it prevents breaches by enabling continuous vulnerability scanning and monitoring of the cloud environment.

While cloud service providers manage many of the core infrastructure, clients are responsible for what happens with their content in the cloud. This is why it is important for organizations to understand their shared responsibility model with their CSPs when it comes to security.

It’s also essential to have local backups of critical data in case the cloud service provider experiences a problem that could lead to a loss of availability and/or data loss. For example, a power outage in the data center where your company’s data is stored could have severe consequences. That is why a hybrid security solution, which offers both cloud and on-premise protections, is ideal for SMBs and enterprises.