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Cloud Security focuses on securing the data, applications and services that run in a company’s cloud environments. This includes infrastructure-based security measures like automated vulnerability management and network protections, as well as identity and access management tools that provide secure access for users across multiple cloud environments.

In addition, companies have to protect all the end-user devices, applications and services that connect to the cloud – such as OT/IoT equipment or mobile employees – with security solutions that offer granular control and visibility. This can help minimize shadow IT and prevent breaches or other serious problems.

Many of the same tools and mechanisms used in on-premises environments should be used for securing the cloud, although there are some tools specific to this environment such as encryption and IAM (identity and access management). A cloud workload protection platform can ensure that VMs, applications and data are protected consistently. A CASB (cloud access security broker) can also add an additional layer of protection as it sits between the customer and the cloud provider to enforce security policies and act as a gatekeeper.

Breaches and disruptive outages can occur even with preventative security in place, so disaster recovery is also a key component of cloud security. It’s essential for organizations to have plans in place to respond quickly and effectively when a threat is discovered and have the ability to recover lost data and resume normal business operations as soon as possible.