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The growth of digital technology has transformed the way individuals, companies and government agencies interact with each other. It has streamlined healthcare with telemedicine and AI-enabled health informatics systems; improved banking and financial investment with online platforms; and made online shopping easier, faster, and safer. At the same time, cyber attacks are growing in frequency, sophistication and scale. As such, protecting data and infrastructure has become more challenging.

This is where digital security comes in. It encompasses a range of activities to protect against cyber threats by monitoring and limiting access to electronic information. Digital security measures include limiting the number of people with administrator rights to system files and using encryption to safeguard data. Other tools like intrusion detection systems and audit trails are used to identify unauthorized activity and assist in post-attack forensics.

Modern organizations generate massive amounts of data and rely on IT services for many functions. These include hardware services that deploy, maintain and repair computers and networking components; software development services that create custom applications and solutions; inventory services to keep track of IT assets; and cybersecurity systems that monitor and protect IT systems from attack.

Those who breach computer security are called hackers. Their motives vary. Some are thrill seekers or vandals while others are activists seeking political change. Others are criminals seeking financial gain. State-sponsored attackers are also common and increasingly well resourced. While there are no foolproof digital security measures, best practices can reduce the risk of breaches. Legal obligations also impose duties to protect customer and user data from falling into the wrong hands.