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Cybercrime is a growing concern for individuals and businesses alike, especially as more and more activities are conducted over the internet. It includes crimes such as hacking, identity theft, computer fraud, and more. As a result, various agencies and departments have been established to deal specifically with cyber crime. However, as with any other criminal activity, it is difficult to define and categorize, particularly when new methods of committing cybercrimes develop and existing ones evolve.

The underlying ideologies that underpin different frameworks and taxonomies of cybercrime vary significantly, often reflecting disciplinary schools of thought or theoretical standpoints. For example, some approaches adopt labelling theory in order to explore how these offences are socially constructed in comparison to traditional forms of crime (e.g., McMahon [53]).

Other classification systems distinguish between ‘cyber-dependent’ vs. ‘cyber-enabled’ crimes, which has proven to be a popular way of approaching this issue. This categorization system is based on the idea that a crime’s nature and impact differ depending on whether it was committed via the Internet or not.

However, this approach has several disadvantages, including a lack of clarity over the exact scope of cybercrimes and the resulting legal implications. It also ignores the fact that the impacts of certain cybercrimes may be more or less serious than others, which needs to be taken into account when formulating laws and policies on this subject.

To avoid falling victim to cybercrime, businesses should regularly back up data and implement effective cybersecurity measures. Additionally, they should educate employees on cyber threats and the consequences of falling prey to them.