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Cyber-security refers to strategies, practices and technologies used to protect computers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks and data from attack, damage or theft. This includes protection against phishing scams, password hacking and other cyber attacks like ransomware. Cybersecurity also provides security measures for critical infrastructure including energy production and transmission, water and wastewater treatment, healthcare facilities, financial institutions and more. All of these are interdependent and a cyberattack on one could have significant consequences for others.

Cybersecurity is an essential element of every organization’s IT architecture. A strong cybersecurity strategy includes layered defenses that cover all potential entry points for cyberattacks. These include physical security (security guards, locked server rooms) and technology security (firewalls, antivirus, antimalware software and encryption), as well as policies, procedures and practices to prevent attacks. It also includes incident response and business continuity plans in case of data loss or natural disasters.

Newer malware and sophisticated cyberattacks require a greater focus on prevention. This requires more advanced solutions that can detect and stop attacks in their tracks rather than relying on detection after the fact.

Training employees in best practices, company policies and how to identify and report incidents is another crucial aspect of cyber security. This can be done through seminars, classes and online learning resources. It can help reduce the risk of negligence that leads to a security breach and helps build a culture of responsibility within an organization. This is especially important when it comes to protecting sensitive or confidential information.