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Ransomware is a form of malware that encrypts data on the user’s PC. Usually, the victim is notified that his or her files have been encrypted, and must pay a ransom in order to regain access to them. If the payment is not made, the encryption process continues, which can corrupt some files beyond repair.

This type of infection is particularly harmful to businesses. Ransomware impedes productivity and costs thousands of dollars in lost revenue. The damage can also impact brand reputation.

These attacks have become a global threat. They are often used by cryptominers, who mine digital assets for currency. There are many ways to mitigate the spread of ransomware.

Ideally, the first step in defending against ransomware is to create backups. By doing this, you limit the damage and increase your chances of recovery. However, if your system is already infected, you have a limited amount of time to respond.

You can also prevent the infection from spreading by shutting down your wireless connectivity. In addition, you should disconnect any devices that might be connected to the network from off-premises.

The next step is to restore your system from a backup. Before restoring, you need to turn on System Restore. Also, you will want to use an anti-malware solution.

Finally, the last step is to remove any ransomware. After removing the virus, you should be able to regain access to your files. If you cannot recover your files, you should contact law enforcement to file a report.